Carbohydrate, Urine

Test Mnemonic


CPT Codes

  • 84377 - QTY (1)



Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Dpt of Lab Med & Pathology

Specimen Requirements

Volume Type Container Collect Temperature Transport Temperature Special Instructions
5 mLUrine, randomClean container FrozenCollect an early-morning (preferred) random urine specimen.

Minimum Specimen Requirements

Volume Type Container Collect Temperature Transport Temperature Special Instructions
1 mL     


Environmental Condition Description
Frozen21 days
Refrigerated21 days

Days Performed


Turnaround Time

9 - 16 days


Name Description
Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) 

Special Info

Screening for disorders with increased excretion of fructose, glucose, galactose, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and succinylpurines. If qualitative result is suggestive of an elevation of galactose, testing will be performed at an additional charge.

Clinical Info

Saccharides (also called carbohydrates) are a group of mono-, di-, and oligosaccharides of endogenous and exogenous sources. Their presence frequently reflects dietary consumption, but can indicate specific pathology if either a particular saccharide or a particular excretory pattern is present. Most saccharides (except glucose) have low renal thresholds and are readily excreted in the urine. The presence of saccharides in urine is seen in some inborn errors of metabolism. Urine tests for reducing substances (eg, copper reduction test) are often used to screen for those disorders. However, in addition to sugars, a number of other substances present in biological fluids (eg, salicylates, uric acid, hippuric acid, ascorbic acid) have reducing properties. Conversely, some saccharides such as sucrose and trehalose do not have reducing properties. Other saccharides present at low concentrations may not be identified by reducing tests. Substances in urine may inhibit glucose oxidase-based tests and, also, other saccharides of diagnostic importance may be present along with glucose in urine. Chromatography of urinary saccharides is, therefore, required in many instances to identify the particular species of saccharide present. Any specimen tested for urinary carbohydrates is concurrently tested for the presence of succinyl nucleosides to screen for inborn errors of purine synthesis.